Exercise And Muscular Dystrophy

There are many reasons for a person to be active and healthy. Benefits of general activity and working out include an improvement in general health and fitness. Staying active can even assist with certain medical conditions like a form of treatment or even prevention. Concerning general health and fitness, staying active will help lower your level of body fat. This will in turn assist in the prevention of many medical condition. It has even been shown that a decrease in one’s body fat percentage may assist with certain types of cancers. Here we look at the relationship between exercise and muscular dystrophy and if it has a positive effect when compared to being non-active.

Physical activity whether it is general activity such as walking or running, or if it is going to the gym for a workout, all are of a positive benefit for the individual when it comes to our health and well-being. Regardless of your reason for activity and working out, whether it is for general health, or if you are at an advanced level of fitness, one factor that is important is that of having goals to achieve. Having fitness and wellness goals can be used as a gauge to monitor your progress as you continue to workout. This is why having only some general goals is always good. Activity and working out benefits you in many ways. When most people think of working out, they probably think of going to a gym but you can exercise and be active without having to go to the gym as well.

Aerobic activity

The word aerobic means with oxygen. This means that when you do anything which requires oxygen your being aerobically active. Aerobic activity is crucial if you are looking at maintaining or improving your health cardiovascular. This means that if you are in good health and want to prevent any possible condition such as a heart attack or heart disease, or if you have recently had any of these issues, aerobic training should be an important part of your activity level. Although resistance training is not aerobic, it will still help in the health of the muscular system and other bodily functions. When you go out running or just go for a walk you are training your cardiovascular system. This also works with your respiratory system concerning your breathing. This is known as the cardiorespritory system. Aerobic training helps assist your heart and lung muscles at working more efficiently when providing the energy that is needed for activity. The heart and lungs work together at working more efficiently. As air is breathed into the lungs, your heart pumps blood to the lungs to pick up the oxygen that it will use. As you continue to workout and progress, the amount of oxygen needed for a specific amount of work will decrease. At the same time, the amount of blood that the heart pumps per beat will increase, with your heart rate decreasing. This is how the heart and lungs work more efficiently by allowing the muscles to use the amount of oxygen that is provided. The decrease in number of heart beats with an increase in blood volume pumped per heart beat indicate an improvement in cardiorespritory health and should be a part of anyone s activity.

Resistance training

Resistance training plays an important part of being active and healthy. This is true because as you get older, you lose a small amount of lean muscle mass each year. Using weights for resistance training, along with a healthy eating habit will allow you to maintain and even gain some lean mass. This in turn will assist you in increasing your level of strength and ability to perform every day activities. Resistance training could even help you keep your independence. This can be through the benefit of maintaining you level of strength will allow you to remain mobil and do everyday activities. Using resistance training as part of a workout can even possibly help with specific neuro muscular conditions as well. Here we will look at the condition of muscular dystrophy and whether or not exercise and muscular dystrophy have a positive relationship.

What is Muscular Dystrophy ?

Muscular dystrophy involves a group of muscular diseases and leads to gradual breakdown of the muscular system over time. How one is affected by the condition depends on the individual. As time passes, many people lose the ability to walk and even have some organ problems. There are also multiple sub types of muscular dystrophy, each with a specific symptom. Each type is genetic and involves the bodies’ inability to develop specific proteins. This can be caused during development from not receiving a specific gene, or the gene being mutated. A main treatment for this is steroids which will assist in decreasing the degeneration of muscle tissue, but there is no known cure.

The use of exercise as a therapy for many medical conditions has been shown to be effective. Concerning the relationship between exercise and muscular dystrophy, both aerobic training and resistance training were looked at and their effects. The use of resistance training for therapy has been shown to have a positive effect on what is known as myotonic muscular dystrophy (1) but showing no significant effect for the treatment of duchenne muscular dystrophy.(2) In one study, the effects of resistance training on limb girdle muscular dystrophy were looked at and found to be effective (3). The effects of both exercise activity and electrical muscular stimulation and their effects on muscular dystrophy have also been looked at. In one study, twenty-four subjects were looked at. They were put either into an exercise group or electrical stimulation group. Results showed a greater improvement for the electrical stimulation group. Not only can training positively effect symptoms of muscular dystrophy, but gene therapy also plays a very critical role in the treatment of the condition as well (4). Not only are these two factors of genetics and activity important, but the variable of nutrition should be looked at as well. Since the muscular system is responsible for the majority of metabolism within the body, the importance of knowing how muscular dystrophy affects metabolism and vise versa are important. Looking at the possible differences in the metabolic process between those with and without muscular dystrophy is also an important consideration (5).

Overall, the relationship between exercise and muscular dystrophy, and nutrition seems to be positive. Using these as a therapy for muscular dystrophy may be possible, but more research should probably be conducted. Since both general exercise activity with resistance training and electrical stimulation have been shown to be effective at helping maintain strength and muscle tone, either of these may be suggested to be used as a form of therapy. Although muscular dystrophy is a very intense disease of muscle wasting, the relationship between exercise and muscular dystrophy, and nutrition may all play important roles in one’s’ overall health.

References

1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10229998#

2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/434131#

3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4478773/#

4. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1517/21678707.2015.1088780

5. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6024668/#

6. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4710330/#