Exercise And Multiple Sclerosis

There are many reasons you should be active. These include general health and fitness, and treatment and prevention of some medical conditions. Being active and working out will benefit both your total health, and your cardiovascular and muscular systems. Working out aerobically helps the cardiovascular system and the heart. Being in shape aerobically will assist in decreasing the chances of things such as a stroke or heart attack from happening. Other conditions that exercise and activity help include respiratory issues, and some neuromuscular conditions which assist the body in developing the muscular system through resistance training. Here we look at the relationship between exercise and multiple sclerosis and compare it to being inactive.

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Physical activity whether it is general activity such as walking or running, or if it is going to the gym for a workout have a positive benefit for the individuals’ health and well-being. If you are being active or working out for general health and well-being, having some general goals are always good. This way you have a way to gauge whether you are making any progress. Activity and working out benefits you in many ways. When most people hear the word exercise, they probably think of going to a gym and using a treadmill or elliptical machine, and working out with weights, but you can exercise and be active without having to go to the gym as well.

Running and walking

When you go out running or just go for a walk, this works your cardiovascular system, and your cardio-respritory system. This concerns both your heart and you’re breathing which work together. Working out aerobically helps assist your heart and lung muscles at working more efficiently when providing the energy that is needed for activity. As air is breathed into the lungs, your heart pumps blood to the lungs to pick up the oxygen that it will use. As your workouts progress, the total amount of oxygen needed to do a specific amount of work will decrease, while the amount of blood that the heart pumps per beat will increase, with the heart rate decreasing. This means that the heart and lungs are working more efficiently. This means that the muscles and heart are able to use less oxygen to do the same amount of work. The decrease in number of heart beats with an increase in blood volume pumped per heart beat indicate an improvement in cardio-respritory health and should be a part of anyone s activity. This helps with decreasing the chance of a heart attack or heart disease occurring, and assisting in other issues such as asthma.

Resistance training

Using resistance training as part of a workout is very important. As you get older from your mid twenties on, a small amount of lean mass that you have decreases each year. Using weights for resistance training, along with a healthy diet and eating habits will help you maintain and even gain some lean mass. This in turn will assist you in increasing your level of strength and ability to perform every day activities. As you continue to get older, using resistance training could even help you in staying more independent. This includes the ability to remain mobile and do everyday activities. Using resistance training as part of a workout can even possibly help with specific neuro muscular conditions as well. Here we look at the relationship between exercise and multiple sclerosis which involves the neuromuscular system and how exercise and multiple sclerosis may work together to assist with the condition.

What is multiple sclerosis ?

This is a disease of the nervous system in which part of the brain and nerves become damaged. This results in a lack of ability for the spinal cord and nerves to communicate. There are different forms including singular and multiple attacks. Over time the spinal cord and nerves begin to deteriorate causing permanate damage. Symptoms to look for include double vision, blindness in one eye, and trouble with coordination. The damage has to do with what is known as the mylin sheath of the nerves. Treatments include possible medicines, and therapy. The name implies multiple scars to both the brain and spinal cord. Here we will look at the relationship between exercise and multiple sclerosis.

Although the majority of medical conditions are treatable by the use of medications, exercise and activity has been shown to assist with these condition through using it as a therapy. In one case, studies were observed which had used endurance training and resistance training for patients with multiple sclerosis. In these studies it was found that one of the main symptoms that exercise will assist in is that of fatigue of the muscle in patients with multiple sclerosis (1,4,6). The use of exercise therapy for multiple sclerosis has also been shown to assist in the strength and power of the muscle, and mobility. Exercise has even been shown to have a positive effect on mood when compared to no exercise at all (2). These concern mainly the effects of resistance training. When it comes to respiratory training, results from previous studies and reviews are conflicting in that some show no effect (3) while others show a positive outcome concerning aerobic capacity that have been seen concerning improvements (5). Aerobic and resistance training are not the only activities that have been looked at, but there have been studies on the effects of yoga as well. The results of these studies showed no positive effects of yoga on MS and if having no significant effect (7).

Overall, the use of both aerobic training and resistance training will assist in improving the symptoms seen in multiple sclerosis. This indicates a positive relationship between exercise and multiple sclerosis. Improvements include things such as mobility, strength, and power which resistance training will assist in, and possible positive effects on breathing and the respiratory system. These activities should be considered by the doctor and patient as a form of therapy that may improve the condition of multiple sclerosis.

References

1. https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD009956.pub2/full

2. https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD003980.pub2/full

3. https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD009424.pub2/full

4. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23788693#

5. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23669008#

6. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24963407#

7. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25390344#