Activity And Parkinsons Disease

There are many positive reasons to be active and healthy. These reasons include general health and fitness, and medical purposes. General health and fitness would have to do with avoiding obesity through maintaining a low amount of body fat and avoiding obesity. Staying active even helps with decreasing the severity of specific medical conditions, or even assist in their prevention. Many medical conditions that activity helps at treating or preventing include things such as heart attack, heart disease, or stroke. Each of these conditions involve the cardiovascular system and requires being healthy aerobically through the bodies’ ability to use oxygen. Other conditions that exercise and activity help include respiratory issues, and possibly some neuromuscular conditions. Here we look at the relationship between activity and parkinsons disease and any effects it may have on parkinsons disease compared to someone that is non-active.

Physical activity whether it is general activity such as walking or running, or if it is going to the gym for a workout has a positive benefit for your overall health and well-being. Most individuals that are working out and staying active for general health and well-being as opposed to those at a higher fitness level do not have specific goals in mind. If this is the case for you, having some general fitness goals is a positive thing since it gives you something to use to gauge your progress. Activity and working out benefits you in many ways. When most people think of working out, they probably think of going to a gym. Although this one way to stay active, you can also exercise and be active from the comfort of your own home.

Aerobic activity

When you go out running or just go for a walk, this is considered to be aerobic in nature. The word aerobic means with oxygen or requiring oxygen. Any type of aerobic activity is essential for your health cardiovascurally, and your respiratory system. When being aerobically active, these two systems work together in order to become more efficient with the use of oxygen. This is known as cardiorespritory. The heart and lungs work together simultaneously because as air and oxygen is inhaled into the lungs, blood pick up the oxygen that it will use and returns it to the heart. As you become more fit aerobically and your workouts progress, the total amount of oxygen needed to do a specific amount of work decreases. In this same time, the amount of blood that the heart pumps per beat increases, with your heart rate decreasing. This allows the heart and lungs to do a less work by being more efficient at the amount of oxygen needed to do a specific amount of work. The decrease in number of heart beats with an increase in blood volume pumped per heart beat indicate an improvement in cardiorespritory health and should be a part of anyone s activity.

Resistance training

Using resistance training as part of a workout is very important. This is true because as you age from your mid twenties upward, a small amount of lean mass that you have decreases each year. Using weights for resistance training, along with a healthy diet and eating habits will assist in helping you maintain and even gain the amount of lean mass that you have. This in turn will assist you in increasing your level of strength and ability to perform every day activities. As you continue to get older, using resistance training could even help you in staying more independent through being able to remain mobile and do everyday activities. It is thought that using resistance training workout may even help with specific neuro muscular conditions. Here we will look at activity and parkinsons disease and whether or not training has a positive effect when compared to one who is inactive.

What is parkinsons disease ?

Parkinsons disease is a long term chronic condition in which the body begins to lose certain brain cells. Symptoms of this include the inability to control muscular movements due to lack of production of the amino acid dopamine. The specific cause of the condition is unknown but is thought to possibly be due to both genetic and environmental factors. This has a negative effect on the nervous system causing symptoms such as shaking, slowing movements, and even sleep problems. Many times when it is in its early stages and even later on, the individual is able to control many of these symptoms. A main symptom of the condition is uncontrollable muscle movements and shaking of the hands. The majority of patients with the condition are the older population, although it is possible to have it at a younger age. This is called young onset parkinson’s disease. There is also a relationship between activity and parkinsons disease which we will explore here.

If parkinsons disease is managed correctly, the patient may still be able to live a productive life regardless of any possible limitations. The relationship between activity and parkinsons disease is a positive one. Being active through general activity and working out may be an effective therapy to use in the treatment of this disease. One effective form of exercise may be aerobic training through general activity such as walking (1) and flexibility training (3). Not only has aerobic exercise and activity been shown to be effective, but anaerobic or resistance training activity as well. In one study, a total of fifty-one patients over the span of twenty-four months were looked at. These subjects performed progressive resistance training. The results showed the resistance training having a positive impact on both their memory and attention span (2). Resistance training, high intensity, and low intensity aerobic training have also been shown to have a positive effect on patients with parkinsons disease, with treadmill exercises improving cardiovascular fitness, and mobility and balance (6) and strength training and stretching improving muscular fitness (4). The positive effects of exercise on parkinsons disease is also beneficial regardless of the stage of the condition at improving overall quality of life (5).

Overall, the relationship between activity and parkinsons disease is a positive one. Using exercise through either aerobic activity such as using a treadmill, or walking, to activities such as resistance training assists in improving symptoms of parkinsons disease. Regardless of what stage you are in, taking part in an exercise program will help you both cardiovascular, and assist in increasing your strength through using resistance training. The use of exercise as a therapy for the treatment of parkinsons disease should not be overlooked and used to its advantage for the positive benefits that it brings.

References

1 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4132568/#

2 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/eutils/elink.fcgi?dbfrom=pubmed&retmode=ref&cmd=prlinks&id=26148003

3 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3488266/#

4 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/eutils/elink.fcgi?dbfrom=pubmed&retmode=ref&cmd=prlinks&id=23128427

5 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/eutils/elink.fcgi?dbfrom=pubmed&retmode=ref&cmd=prlinks&id=27858719

6. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24983753/#